Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak (b. 1942) is an Indian literary critic and philosopher, one of the founders of postcolonial theory. Spivak teaches at Columbia University in New York, where she was tenured as University Professor in March 2007. Spivak is probably best known for her overtly political use of contemporary cultural and critical theories to challenge the legacy of colonialism on the way readers engage with literature and culture. She often focuses on the cultural texts of those who are marginalised by dominant western culture: the new immigrant, the working class, women and the “postcolonial subject”. Among his most important works are: In Other Worlds: Essays in Cultural Politics (1987); The Post-Colonial Critic (1990); A Critique of Postcolonial Reason: Towards a History of the Vanishing Present (1999); Death of a Discipline (2003).
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